University of Toronto

The University of Toronto (U of T, or simply Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated north of the city’s Financial District on the grounds that surround Queen’s Park. It was founded by Royal Charter in 1827 as King’s College, the first institution of higher learning in the colony of Upper Canada. Originally controlled by the Church of England, the university assumed the present name in 1850 upon becoming a secular institution. As a collegiate university, it comprises twelve colleges that differ in character and history, each retaining substantial autonomy on financial and institutional affairs.

Academically, the University of Toronto is noted for influential movements and curricula in literary criticism and communication theory, known collectively as the Toronto School. The university was the birthplace of insulin and stem cell research, and was the site of the first practical electron microscope, the development of multi-touch technology, the identification of Cygnus X-1 as a black hole, and the theory of NP completeness. By a significant margin, it receives the most annual research funding of any Canadian university.

The Varsity Blues are the athletic teams that represent the university in intercollegiate league matches, with particularly long and storied ties to gridiron football and ice hockey. The university’s Hart House is an early example of the North American student centre, simultaneously serving cultural, intellectual and recreational interests within its large Gothic-revival complex.

The University of Toronto ranked as the nation’s top medical-doctoral university in Maclean’s magazine for twelve consecutive years between 1994 and 2005, and places 24th in the Academic Ranking of World Universities, 18th in the Newsweek global university ranking, and 29th overall in the Times Higher Education ranking. The university has educated two Governors General and four Prime Ministers of Canada, four foreign leaders, fourteen Justices of the Supreme Court, and has been affiliated with nine Nobel laureates.

University of Toronto
Latin: Universitas Torontonensis
Motto Velut arbor ?vo (Latin)
Motto in English As a tree through the ages
Established March 15, 1827
Type Public university
Endowment C$1.286 billion
Chancellor David Peterson
President David Naylor
Faculty 2,551
Staff 4,795
Undergraduates 33,371
Postgraduates 11,638
Location Toronto, Ontario, Canada
43°39′42″N 79°23′42″W? / ?43.66167°N 79.395°W? / 43.66167; -79.395Coordinates: 43°39′42″N 79°23′42″W? / ?43.66167°N 79.395°W? / 43.66167; -79.395
Campus Urban, 71 hectares (176 acres)
Former names King’s College (1827–1849)
Colours Blue White
Nickname Varsity Blues
Athletics CIS, OUA, CUFLA
44 varsity teams
Affiliations AAU, ACU, AUCC, G13, IAU, URA, WUN

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